How to Choose a Ski or Snowboarding Helmet for Kids

Posted on October 12, 2016 by John Cermenaro | 0 Comments

How to Choose a Ski or Snowboarding Helmet

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  1. Why is There Such a Wide Price Range? 
  2. What to Expect for $150+, $100-$150, under $100 (detailed analysis) 
  3. Match the Helmet to Skiing/Snowboarding Style
  4. 4 Basic Design Features to Know Before Choosing
  5. 4 Keys to a Good Fit
  6. What's Inside a Ski or Snowboard Helmet?
  7. How Are Helmets Made?
  8. Are There Helmet Safety Standards?

Parent-to-Parent

Let me give it to you straight... The most important piece of snowboard protective gear for your son or daughter is, without question, a youth helmet designed for skiing or snowboarding. Bruised knees and elbows will mend. Broken bones can be reset. However, damage caused by a blow to your child's unprotected head can, in the worst case, be irreversible. These statements are not meant to scare you! They are meant simply to stress the importance of head protection in the (hopefully) unlikely event they hit the ground or some other hard object.  (BTW, a similar version of this article also appears on our site for adult protective gear - SportsProtective.com)

1. Why Is There Such a Wide Range in the Price of Ski / Snowboard Helmets?

Once you start shopping for a ski or snowboarding helmet, you might be surprised (and even have a bit of sticker shock) when you see the wide range of helmet options and prices out there. It’s only natural to ask: “What’s the difference between an $80 snowboard helmet and a $200 snowboard helmet?” Ski / snowboard helmets in all price ranges offer essentially the same amount of protective capacity when it comes to crashes and collisions. It’s important to note that nearly ALL of our ski or snowboard helmets are safety certified (ASTM F2040 & CE EN 1077) for recreational snow use and offer the same amount of high quality protection. The differences come in extras and features such as:

  • Helmet Construction
  • Number of Vents
  • Type of Venting
  • Fit Systems
  • Interior Liner

2. Find the perfect helmet within your budget - What features can you expect within various price points?

Ski / Snowboard Helmets from $150+
Helmets in this price range lead the pack mostly because they’ve taken the standard offerings of most helmets and revamped them by adding more technology for ease of use. In this price range, you'll generally find such features as:
  • Helmet Construction – In-Mold - This manufacturing process involves molding the helmet’s hard outer shell simultaneously with the impact-absorbing EPS middle layer. This injected layer is permanently fused to the outer shell and allows for more venting capabilities and a much lighter overall helmet (important if you ski or snowboard in a multitude of weather conditions or if your core temperature tends to change quickly.) In-Mold construction also results in a more lightweight helmet, prefect for less cumbersome feel.
  • Number of Vents – The Most Venting - Because these higher end helmets are made with In-Mold constriction, they offer a much wider range of vent positioning and placement, since the outer shell and inner mold match up perfectly with each other. More vents = a cooler or warmer head when you need it!
  • Type of Venting – On-the-Go/Thermostat Control - A small switch near the brim or base or top of theses helmets controls the vents and can be flipped completely open when your noggin needs a little more fresh air, or completely closed on those frigid, icy days. Or flip the switch to somewhere in the middle! With on-the-go venting, you can adjust the temp inside your helmet with the flip of a switch, even with gloves on.
  • Fit – Adjustable Fit Systems - Higher end helmets usually offer much more removable padding along the interior for a custom fit AND an adjustable dial at the back of your helmet to further tweak the fit. Adjust your helmet day to day, season to season or if you decided to wear a beanie or your goggle strap underneath your helmet with the simple turn of a dial!
  • Interior Liner – Anti-Odor Comfort Liner - Ski and snowboard helmets at the higher price points also feature tech-savvy, interior liners that combat odor and mildew, yet are completely breathable and sweat wicking. These anti-microbial liners, enhanced with silver or Hydrofoil nylon fibers help regulate heat and odor automatically, so your kid can keep their mind on that next jump or rail, instead of battling helmet funk.
  • MIPS - The Multi-directional Impact Protection System (MIPS) technology was developed to allow the helmet to do a better job at protecting the head and brain when the impact involves rotational forces. That would be most crashes you'd experience on a ski slope. These helmets have a slip plane that moves slightly to absorb the angular forces of impact. Rather than explaining it here, watch this 3 min video from Giro.
Ski / Snowboard Helmets from $100-$150
Helmets in this next price point offer most of the same features as the helmets above! However, the interior liner can be slightly different:
  • Interior Liner – Standard Foam Liner - This soft, removable and washable liner provides great comfort and fit, but does not combat sweat and heat the way more advanced liners, with special fibers woven into the padding, do naturally. We recommend you gently hand wash dirty or stinky liners to lengthen the life of your helmet.
Ski / Snowboard Helmets under $100
Helmets in this price range employ either In-Mold or hard shell construction, but generally have a similar number of vents and standard interior liners as well as vent plugs as a means to control the temperature in your helmet:
  • Helmet Construction – In-mold or Hard Shell - Hard shell construction takes an already formed outer shell and then attaches it to the pre-molded, impact absorbing EPS liner. This creates a quality, protective helmet with a bit more weight to it and slightly fewer venting options but a great price point.
  • Type of Venting – Before-You-Go/Vent Plugs or As-You-Ride/Channeled Airflow - Instead of being able to flip a switch on-the-go to adjust the venting and airflow on to your head, you’ll have to take off your helmet to pop out or pop back in the foam vent plugs. Leave them at home, in the ski lodge, or pack a couple in your jacket pocket should you need to make some temperature adjustments while you take a break on the slopes. Some snowboard helmets in this price range have channeled airflow venting, which sucks in cool fresh air and pushes out stale air from your helmet with strategically placed vents as you ride.
  • Fit System – In Form or Fit Kit - Within this price range you have a choice in fit systems. Some offer customizable fit systems for dialed in adjustments. Others have a collection of removable pads in varying thicknesses that you can swap in and out of your helmet.

Tap Here to Shop Helmets Described in This Article

3. Match the Helmet to Their Skiing / Snowboarding Style

The right helmet depends on what type of skiing or snowboarding your child will be doing.

All-Mountain/Recreational Snowboarding

For most snowboarding, a standard, three-quarter shell snowboard helmet is a good choice.This type of snowboard helmet has a bucket-shaped shell and is designed to protect the

  • top,
  • sides, and
  • back of your head.
Snowboard Racing/Vert/Bordercross Snowboarding

If your kid gets into high speed or serious vert stuff, you may want to consider a full-face snowboarding helmet. Full-face snowboarding helmets

  • offer more extensive protection
  • include a chin bar that extends across your face
  • protect the top, back, and sides of your head as well as your chin, jaw, cheeks and sides of your face
  • include a visor to shield young eyes from the sun and wayward tree branches

4. Four Basic Design Features to Consider before Choosing a Snowboard Helmet

  • Venting - Is your kid one of those people with an internal furnace that’s always on “High?” Are they a freeze baby? Look at the number of vents and venting system on the ski / snowboard helmets you are considering to find the right match.
  • Brim or no brim? A ski / snowboard helmet with a brim isn’t just a style choice, a brim can help shield eyes from the sun and add a bit more of a barrier to keep snow and ice off the face.
  • Goggles - Does your son or daughter already have a pair of snowboard goggles they love? Do you want a snowboard helmet that is designed to fit seamlessly with a certain make of snowboard goggles?
  • Audio compatibility - Do they want to listen to music on the lift? Some snowboard helmets are audio compatible, meaning that you can purchase (separately) a set of audio drops that plug into a phone or music player.

5. Four Keys to a Good-Fitting Ski or Snowboard Helmet

Ski and Snowboard helmets are usually sold with a different exterior shell size to accommodate the size of the wearer’s head. Some include interchangeable fit pads or a rotating dial to further customize the fit and snugness. Every ski / snowboard helmet has a sizing table in its description that shows the head size (usually in centimeters for more accuracy) and corresponding helmet size (Small, Medium, Large, etc.). Need help with sizing?  Contact us!

How Big Is Your Child's Head?

The first step in determining what size ski or snowboard helmet you need is to measure your child's head and then check our Kids Helmet Sizing Guide.

How Should a Ski or Snowboard Helmet Fit?

The way a helmet rests on your child's head is critical to how it will perform. How many times have you seen someone in the neighborhood riding his or her bike down the street with a helmet tipped way back making them look like a comic strip character with an orb growing off the back of their head? As you may have suspected, this is NOT the proper way to wear a helmet. Proper helmet fit means proper head coverage. When you try on a helmet, the front of the helmet should sit down onto your forehead until just above your eyebrows. There should be room enough to slip on a pair of goggles or sunglasses, but not much more. The helmet should not fit so tightly that it hurts or pinches; however, it should be snug enough that it doesn’t flop around if you vigorously shake your head.

Does the Ski / Snowboard Helmet Feel Comfortable When They Wear It?

Different manufacturers make their helmet molds differently. For the wearer, what’s important is that the helmet fits comfortably all the way around their head. If you think you’ve got the proper size, but the helmet is still a little roomy in a spot or two, don’t worry. You can add fit pads or turn the adjustment dial where necessary to achieve a more secure fit. However, if you’ve selected what you believe is the proper size but feel an uncomfortable pressure anywhere around the circumference of your head, then the helmet is probably too small. Try a different size or style of helmet from the same line or try a different manufacturer altogether. To find a snowboard helmet that fits your child comfortably, start with SportsProtective’s Helmet Sizing Guide, then use your child's head measurements to compare all of the different helmet offerings from the helmet manufacturers that appeal to you.

Can they wear a hat under their helmet?

Generally, we do not recommend wearing a hat under a ski helmet. They should be plenty warm enough. The higher end helmets offer ventilation that's adjustable, and it's for a good reason. It's to help you cool off!

But if you plan to have them wear a hat under their helmet, be sure to measure their head with the hat on so you get the right size. Some park skiers have been known to pull the liners out of their helmets so they can wear a beanie hat inside the shell. That's a thing.

How to Choose an Adult Ski Helmet

6. What’s Inside a Ski / Snowboard Helmet?

snow-standard-fullface-helmet-exterior-interior-vert-Before you choose a snow helmet, it’s helpful to know how it’s constructed. Most ski or snowboard helmets consist of three layers:
  • An exterior shell
  • An interior liner that contains the majority of the cushioning material
  • Some sort of very thin foam padding for comfort and fit

The exterior shell is typically made of very thin, rigid Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) or other high-impact plastic. It not only protects you from sharp objects like sticks, branches, or ice, the exterior shell also dissipates the force of an impact by spreading it across a larger area. The protective inner liner is most often made of expanded polystyrene (EPS). One misconception is that EPS is the same as Styrofoam. They are two different materials. Styrofoam is a trademark from Dow Chemical Company for a specific type of extruded polystyrene. EPS is a generic term used to describe the foam products you see in various forms every day--foam cups, insulating materials, and yes, helmets. Although EPS has become the industry standard in helmet liners, other types of foam/plastic are sometimes used as well. The thin foam padding that rests between the EPS liner and your head is designed to make the helmet fit comfortably but does not have protective qualities. Stiff EPS foam is designed to withstand one major impact, thus a snowboard helmet (or bicycle helmet) should be discarded after a major crash even if the helmet appears to be undamaged. For this reason, we strongly advise against buying used snowboard helmets because it isn't always possible to know the helmet’s history.

7. How Are Ski or Snowboard Helmets Made?

There are two primary manufacturing processes for ski helmets: in-mold and injection molding.

In-mold helmets

In-mold helmets are made by fusing the shell and shock-absorbing foam liner in a single molding process. The liner and shell are not glued together but are permanently joined. In-mold helmets are sleeker and lighter than injection-molded helmets.

Injection-molded helmets

Injected-molded helmets have an EPS foam liner bonded to the exterior shell with some sort of high-performance adhesive. These helmets offer more durability against everyday knocks and falls while providing similar impact protection.

8. Should a Ski or Snowboard Helmet Meet Any Safety Standards?

Unless otherwise noted in the product description, ski / snowboard helmets sold by XSPkids.com meet ASTM snow helmet safety standards (the US-based standard that covers non-motorized recreational snow sports) or CE EN 1077 snow helmet safety standards (the European standard for alpine skiing and snowboarding helmets). Some helmets are certified to both ASTM and CE EN standards. These specifications define performance requirements for helmets used in non-motorized recreational snow sports such as skiing, snowboarding, and other alpine sports. An even tougher ski / snowboard protective gear/helmet standard is the Snell RS-98 standard. Most snow helmet manufacturers use the ASTM standard, largely because the Snell certification is very expensive and Snell-certified helmets have added bulk and weight that aren't appealing to consumers. You can compare helmet safety standards across all sports and standards here.

View the helmets described in this article

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Posted in Helmets, Ski, Ski Helmets, Ski Racing, Snowboard, Snowboarding


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